Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir
Bangladesh Islami Chhatrashibir (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ ইসলামী ছাত্রশিবির), known as Shibir, is a student organization in Bangladesh that works among the students. It was established on 6 February 1977 after six years of Bangladesh Liberation War. Islami Chhatrashibir is the student wing of the Islamist political organization of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, a major organisation at many colleges and universities including the University of Dhaka, University of Chittagong, Rajshahi University, SUST, Jahangirnagar University, BUET, Medical College. Nobody can be a member of Bangladesh Islami Chhatrashibir, unless he/she is a student. All of the member of Bangladesh Islami Chhatrashibir are young students. It is the largest Islamic students organization in southeast Asia.
Bangladesh Islami Chhatrashibir was established on 6 February 1977 at the Dhaka University central mosque. Their stated mission is "to seek the pleasure of Allah (SWT) by moulding entire human life in accordance with the code, bestowed by Allah (SWT) and exemplified by His Messenger".
According to the group's policy, their activities are guided by five principles:
- Dawah (Call to Allah) - Conveying the message of Islam to the students and inspiring them to acquire knowledge and to arouse in them the sense of responsibility to practice Islam in full.
- Organization - To organize the students who are ready to partake in the struggle for establishing the Islamic way of life within the fold of this organization.
- Training - To take appropriate steps to impart Islamic knowledge among the students integrated under the organization to make them men of character, capable of braving the challenges of Jahilyah and, thus, to prove the superiority of Islam.
- Islamic Education Movement and Student-oriented Problems - To struggle for changing the existing system of education on the basis of Islamic values to build up ideal citizens and enhance leadership to solve real problems of the students.
- Establishing Islamic Social Order - To strive tooth-and-nail to establish Islamic social order for freeing humanity from all forms of economic exploitation, political oppression and cultural servitude.
Shibir members, who are students of many educational institutions areas are expected to donate monthly in the name of baitul mal (the party fund). They also rent out facilities in dormitories for funding. There are also several publications that it sells in educational institutions.
Bangladesh Liberation War
In 1971, Shibir's predecessor, Islami Chattra Shangha, members of which led the formation of Al-Badr, which was involved in the 1971 killing of Bengali intellectuals; some members of Al-Badr had been convicted and executed by International Crimes Tribunal.
Politically motivated attacks
This student group was also involved in violent clashes with other student groups, was extremely militant and was linked to numerous acts of violence. The group was linked to a number of larger terrorist organizations, both in Bangladesh and internationally. Shibir activists are known to attack rival political party members by cutting their opponents' tendons. However, political infighting between rival groups in Bangladesh are rampant, and infighting and killings in the rival Bangladesh Chhatra League are often blamed on Chhatra Shibir.
Armed group designation
In February 2014, US-based defense think tank IHS Jane's published a report titled "IHS Jane's 2013 Global Terrorism & Insurgency Attack Index", where Shibir ranked third in a list of most active non-state armed groups in 2013. The organisation protested the study findings, strongly condemning the ranking.
Victims of enforced disappearanceOn February 5, 2012 approximately at 1.00 a.m. Al Mukaddas (22), fourth-year student of the Department of Al Fiqah and Mohammad Waliullah (23), a Masters candidate of Dawah and Islamic Studies Department of Islamic University, Bangladesh were allegedly arrested and disappeared by some persons who identified themselves as RAB-4 and DB Police members from Savar.
Both were members of the Islamic student organization Bangladesh Islami Chhatra Shibir and were allegedly detained by members of the RAB and the Detective Branch (DB) of the Bangladesh Police on 4 February. They have not been heard from since and their whereabouts are unknown. The RAB has denied detaining the two men in a statement to a Bangladeshi newspaper. However, reports from several sources and a pattern of disappearances thought to have been conducted by RAB in recent months cast doubt on RAB’s denial. Amnesty International along with other rights organizations expressed their concern over this issue and called for urgent action
On 5 April 2013 at around 2:25am, members of Rapid Action Battalion-5 arrested Mr. Mohammad Anwarul Islam and Mosammat Nurjahan Begum of Angariapara village in Chapainawabganj from house number 175 of Bil-Shimla Moholla under Rajpara Police Station in Rajshahi district. Later, when family members contacted the RAB-5 office, RAB notified that Anwarul had never been arrested by them. An allegation of enforced disappearance was brought against the members of RAB by Anwarul’s family members. Upon inquiry, it was found that Anwarul was a last year Master’s student of Mathematics department of Rajshahi College. Moreover, he was the Office Secretary of the Islami Chattra Shibir of Rajshahi district.
Since 2010, Shibir has been targeted by repeated crackdowns. The Awami League led government insists that it is necessary to maintain public order and stop attacks on police, but Amnesty International sees them as political crackdowns. Since 2010, raids on student residences have been carried out at random and any Shibir supporters found there have been detained. Arbitrary arrests as police have made no efforts at the time of arrest to separate ordinary student members of the Chhatra Shibir from those suspected of involvement in the attacks and were denied Legal counsel.
- Asian Federation of Muslim Youth
- World Assembly of Muslim Youth
- International Islamic Federation of Student Organizations
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The Jamaat-Shibir activists are known to cut tendons of their rivals.