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The encyclopedia of Bengal and Its People edited by Verified specialist and Scholars Living in The Ganges Delta
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Bangla (Bengali: বাংলা) is the endonym (native name) of Bengal, Bengal (/bɛnˈɡɔːl/;[3] Bengali: বাংলা/বঙ্গ, lit. 'Bānglā/Bôngô' [ˈbaŋla]/[ˈbɔŋgo])

Bangla is a geopolitical, cultural and historical region in Asia, which is located in South Asia at the apex of the Bay of Bengal. Geographically, it is made up by the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta system, the largest such formation in the world; along with mountains in its north bordering the Himalayan states of Nepal and Bhutan and east bordering Burma.

Bengal was conquered by the British East India Company in the battle of Palasy 1757 ad and became the Bengal Presidency, which experienced deindustrialization and famines under British rule. Upon independence, the partition of Bengal 1947 split the region into India and Pakistan. East Bengal renamed by Pakistan as east Pakistan the latter becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971

Politically, Bengal is now divided between the sovereign Republic of Bangladesh and India. Bangladesh a sovereign state the name means 'Bengali Country' or 'Country of Bengal'.


In 2011, the population of Bengal was estimated to be 250 million,[4] making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world.[5] . The predominant ethno-linguistic group is the Bengali people, who speak the Indo-Aryan Bengali language. Outside Bengal proper, the Indian territories of Assam, Jharkhand, Bihar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are also home to significant communities with Bengali heritage.

Bengal at a times an independent regional empire, the historical region was a leading power in Southeast Asia and later the Islamic East, with extensive trade networks. In antiquity, its kingdoms were known as seafaring nations. Bengal was known to the Greeks as Gangaridai, The Bengali Pala Empire was the last major Buddhist imperial power in the subcontinent,Islam was introduced during the Pala Empire, through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate.The Islamic Bengal Sultanate, founded in 1352, was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. The Mughal Bengal Subah province became a major global exporter,a center of worldwide industries such as muslin, silk, pearl,cotton textiles, and shipbuilding. It was conquered by the British East India Company in 1757 and became the Bengal Presidency, which experienced deindustrializationand famines under British rule.[Upon independence, the partition of Bengal 1947 split the region into India and Pakistan. East Bengal renamed by Pakistan as east Pakistan the latter becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971]Bengal was known to the Greeks as Gangaridai, notable for mighty military power. According to Greek historians Megasthenes and Arrian, Alexander the Great withdrew from South Asia anticipating a counterattack from an alliance of Gangaridai.[1] Later writers noted merchant shipping links between Bengal and Roman Egypt.

Bengal in 326 BC
Bengal, Asia

Bangladeshsovereign country located in South Asia.[2] It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh means "The land of Bengal" in the official Bengali language. Bangladesh became an independent nation in 1971 after a struggle for independence from Pakistan led by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Major Ziaur Rahman. Bangladesh is the eight-most populous country and the fifth most populous democracy in the world.




General Information about Bangladesh


Demography of Bangladesh

Demographics of Bangladesh

People of Bangladesh

Religion and beliefs in Bangladesh

Government of Bangladesh

Executive branch of the government of Bangladesh

Legislative branch of the government of Bangladesh

Judicial branch of the government of Bangladesh

Court system of Bangladesh

History of Bangladesh, by region

History of Bangladesh, by subject


History of Bangladesh, by period

Lieutenant-General A. A. K. Niazi, the commander of Pakistan Eastern Command, signing the instrument of surrender in Dhaka on 16 Dec 1971, in the presence of India's Lt. Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora.


Economy of Bangladesh

Communications in Bangladesh

Telecommunications in Bangladesh

Telecommunications in Bangladesh

Energy in Bangladesh

Energy in Bangladesh

Transport in Bangladesh

Transport in Bangladesh

Air transport in Bangladesh

Airports in Bangladesh

Airports in Bangladesh

Marine transport in Bangladesh

Seaports in Bangladesh

Education in Bangladesh

Education in Bangladesh




Government and politics of Bangladesh

Politics of Bangladesh

Since independence of the country, 10 Parliamentary Elections and 3 Presidential Elections were held. There were 6 other presidential elections under Parliamentary management.[3]

Branches of government

See also


Divisions of Bangladesh

Divisions of Bangladesh

Cities of Bangladesh
  • Major cities of Bangladesh
    • Dhaka – capital city and the political, economic and cultural heart of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the most populous city in Bangladesh and the tenth-largest city in the world, with a population of over 15 million inhabitants.
    • Chittagong – second most populous city and main seaport of Bangladesh. It is a major commercial, financial and industrial hub. Located on the Karnaphuli River, it is the administrative seat of Chittagong District and Chittagong Division (the largest division of Bangladesh). The metropolitan area has a population of 4 million residents.
    • Khulna – third-largest city in Bangladesh, with a population of more than 1.4 million people. Khulna is also the third largest economic centre in Bangladesh. The major sectors are jute, chemicals, fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding.
    • Rajshahi – Rajshahi is a prominent commercial hub and industrial centre of North Bengal. For its venerable silk industry, it is nicknamed "Silk City". It has a population of more than 800,000.
    • Barisal – city in southern Bangladesh, rice and other crops producing centre of Bangladesh. Fish is also plentiful because Barisal stands on the Kirtankhola River and is surrounded by it. A Bengali saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are the three things that make Barisal". It is a fast growing city, with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, university, medical college, engineering college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, and textile industries. The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".[4]
    • Sylhet – city with a population of over 500,000 people that lies on the banks of Surma River in north-east Bangladesh. It is surrounded by tea estates, sub-tropical hills, rain forests and river valleys; the region is one of the leading tourist destinations in the country.
    • Comilla – city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway, 97 kilometres from the capital city, Dhaka, which can also be reached by railway. Comilla is second-largest city of eastern Bangladesh after Chittagong and is one of the three oldest cities in Bangladesh.
    • Rangpur City – 5th-largest city in Bangladesh, located in its north western part. Agricultural products such as rice, jute (called the golden fibre of Bangladesh), wheat, tobacco, and potato are the major driving power of the economy here.
    • Narayanganj – city in central Bangladesh, located in the Narayanganj District, near the capital city of Dhaka. The city is on the bank of the Shitalakshya River and has a population of 220,000. The river port of Narayanganj is one of the oldest in Bangladesh. It is also a centre of business and industry, especially the jute trade and processing plants, and of the textile sector of the country.
    • Gazipur City – city in central Bangladesh with a population of over 1.1 million.
    • more cities...
  • List of cities and towns in Bangladesh




Districts of Bangladesh

Districts of Bangladesh

Barisal
Chittagong
Dhaka
Khulna
Mymensingh
Rajshahi
Rangpur
Sylhet
Subdistricts of Bangladesh

Upazilas of Bangladesh The districts are subdivided into 493 sub-districts, or upazila.

Cities of Bangladesh
  • Major cities of Bangladesh
    • Dhaka – capital city and the political, economic and cultural heart of Bangladesh. Dhaka is the most populous city in Bangladesh and the tenth-largest city in the world, with a population of over 15 million inhabitants.
    • Chittagong – second most populous city and main seaport of Bangladesh. It is a major commercial, financial and industrial hub. Located on the Karnaphuli River, it is the administrative seat of Chittagong District and Chittagong Division (the largest division of Bangladesh). The metropolitan area has a population of 4 million residents.
    • Khulna – third-largest city in Bangladesh, with a population of more than 1.4 million people. Khulna is also the third largest economic centre in Bangladesh. The major sectors are jute, chemicals, fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding.
    • Rajshahi – Rajshahi is a prominent commercial hub and industrial centre of North Bengal. For its venerable silk industry, it is nicknamed "Silk City". It has a population of more than 800,000.
    • Barisal – city in southern Bangladesh, rice and other crops producing centre of Bangladesh. Fish is also plentiful because Barisal stands on the Kirtankhola River and is surrounded by it. A Bengali saying states, Dhan, nadi, khal ai tine Barisal, which translates to "paddy, river and canal are the three things that make Barisal". It is a fast growing city, with nearly 0.38 million people and a divisional headquarters, university, medical college, engineering college, cadet college, some pharmaceutical industries, and textile industries. The city is sometimes called the "Venice of the East" or the "Venice of Bengal".[5]
    • Sylhet – city with a population of over 500,000 people that lies on the banks of Surma River in north-east Bangladesh. It is surrounded by tea estates, sub-tropical hills, rain forests and river valleys; the region is one of the leading tourist destinations in the country.
    • Comilla – city in eastern Bangladesh, located along the Dhaka-Chittagong Highway, 97 kilometres from the capital city, Dhaka, which can also be reached by railway. Comilla is second-largest city of eastern Bangladesh after Chittagong and is one of the three oldest cities in Bangladesh.
    • Rangpur City – 5th-largest city in Bangladesh, located in its north western part. Agricultural products such as rice, jute (called the golden fibre of Bangladesh), wheat, tobacco, and potato are the major driving power of the economy here.
    • Narayanganj – city in central Bangladesh, located in the Narayanganj District, near the capital city of Dhaka. The city is on the bank of the Shitalakshya River and has a population of 220,000. The river port of Narayanganj is one of the oldest in Bangladesh. It is also a centre of business and industry, especially the jute trade and processing plants, and of the textile sector of the country.
    • Gazipur City – city in central Bangladesh with a population of over 1.1 million.
    • more cities...
  • List of cities and towns in Bangladesh
Villages of Bangladesh

Demography of Bangladesh

Demographics of Bangladesh

Government and politics of Bangladesh

Politics of Bangladesh

Since independence of the country, 10 Parliamentary Elections and 3 Presidential Elections were held. There were 6 other presidential elections under Parliamentary management.[3]

Other

  • "Ancient India As Described By Megasthenes And Arrian by Mccrindle, J.W". archive.org. Mccrindle, J. W. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  • "Bangladesh". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 
  • 3.0 3.1 "Bangladesh Election Commission – Past Elections". Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  • Thedailystar.net
  • Thedailystar.net